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Chesterfield FC Safeguarding Policy

Posted: Fri 02 Dec 2016

Child Protection Policy

 

Introduction


Chesterfield Football Club aims to create an atmosphere where all children feel valued and safe and a place where their welfare is promoted.  


Safeguarding principles


Part of the philosophy of Chesterfield Football Club is our commitment to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of young people and adults at risk.  We expect all staff, volunteers, participants, any partner agencies or any commissioned service providers to share this commitment. 

The aims of the Club’s Safeguarding Policies are to:

• Develop a positive and pro-active approach to safeguarding in order to best protect all children, young people and adults at risk who use our facilities or engage in associated activities, enabling them to participate and achieve in an enjoyable and safe environment. 

• Facilitate the provision of a range of child protection and awareness training for all staff or volunteers in line with guidance from The Football League and Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs) and in line with The FA requirements for work with children and young people.

• Demonstrate best practice in the area of safeguarding the welfare of all children, young people and adults at risk. 

• Promote ethical work with children, young people and adults at risk.

• Work towards achieving the National Standards and post Standards for Safeguarding and Protecting Children in Sport devised by the Child Protection in Sport Unit of the NSPCC. 

The key principles underpinning this Policy Statement are that: 

• The welfare of children, young people and adults at risk is, and must always be, the paramount consideration. 

• All children, young people and vulnerable adults have a right to be protected from abuse regardless of their age, gender, disability, culture, language, racial origin, religious belief or sexual identity. 

• All suspicions and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately. 

• Working in partnership with children, young people and their parents/carers is an essential element of our work.

Chesterfield Football Club is committed to working together with Children’s Services Departments, and Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB’s) in accordance with their procedures and in line with the most recent HM Government guidance - Working Together to Safeguard Children (2015).  In addition the Club is committed to working together with agencies within football to create a safer environment in which all can enjoy the game.

Where the Club believes, or is informed that circumstances exist which may harm any child(ren), young person(s), vulnerable adults or poses or may pose a risk of harm to them, the Club will refer the matter to a statutory agency such as the Police or  Social Care Team for further investigation. The F.A. Case Management Unit may also be informed. 

Child Protection


A child is defined as:


Any person aged under 18 


Any concerns will be taken seriously and acted upon appropriately and the organisation will pay attention to how children feel.


We will be rigorous and vigilant in protecting everyone using our services from abuse, bullying and intimidation.  We will do this through a careful recruitment and selection process, on-going supervision and monitoring arrangements and guidance on appropriate behaviour.


Everyone involved with Chesterfield Football Club is obliged to make sure that anyone using the services is safe.


There are 6 main elements to our Policy, which are described in the following sections:

• The types of abuse that are covered by the policy;

• The signs of abuse that Coaches, Staff and Volunteers should look out for;

• Roles and responsibilities for Safeguarding;

• Expectations of Coaches, Staff and Volunteers with regard to Safeguarding, and the procedures and processes that should be followed, include the support provided to children;

• How the Club will ensure that all Coaches, Staff and Volunteers are appropriately trained, and checked for their suitability to work within the Club;

• How the policy will be managed and have its delivery overseen.

Through implementation of this policy we will ensure that our Club provides a safe environment for children to participate. We will cross reference to other policies relevant to our safeguarding in the Club and make reference to them in this policy where relevant.  

Types of Abuse

Children who may require early help

All Coaches, Staff and Volunteers working within the Club should be alert to the potential need for early help for children, considering following the procedures identified for initiating early help a child who:

• Is disabled and has specific additional needs. 

• Has special educational needs. 

• Is a young carer. 

• Is showing signs of engaging in anti-social or criminal behaviour. 

• Is in a family circumstance presenting challenges for the child, such as substance abuse, adult mental health, domestic violence; and/or 

• Is showing early signs of abuse and/or neglect. 

• Is showing signs of displaying behaviour or views that are considered to be extreme 

These children are therefore more vulnerable; this Club will identify who their vulnerable children are and ensure that they know the processes to secure advice, help and support where needed. 


Child Abuse


In relation to children safeguarding and promoting their welfare is defined as;

• Protecting children from maltreatment

• Preventing impairment of children’s’ health or development

• Ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care 

• Taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes


There are four types of child abuse as defined in ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ (2015): 


• Physical abuse - may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning/scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child.  Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.


• Emotional abuse - is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child’s emotional development.  It may involve conveying to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person.  It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate.  It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children.  These may include interactions that are beyond the child’s developmental capability, as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction.  It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another.  It may involve serious bullying (including cyber bullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children.  Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, though it may occur alone.


• Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.  The activities may involve physical contact or non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet).  Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males; women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.


Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. It may include a failure to:

• Provide adequate food, clothing and shelter. 

• Protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger. 

• Ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers); or 

• Ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. 

• Respond to a child’s basic emotional needs


Bullying and forms of bulling including Cyber Bullying is also abusive and will include at least one, if not two, three or all four, of the defined categories of abuse


Signs of Abuse (Child Protection)


Physical abuse


Particularly if involved in physical activities, most children will collect cuts and bruises and injuries, and these should always be interpreted in the context of the child’s medical / social history, developmental stage and the explanation given.  Most accidental bruises are seen over bony parts of the body, e.g. elbows, knees, shins, and are often on the front of the body.  Some children, however, will have bruising that is more than likely inflicted rather than accidental.

Important indicators of physical abuse are bruises or injuries that are either unexplained or inconsistent with the explanation given; these can often be visible on the ‘soft’ parts of the body where accidental injuries are unlikely, e g, cheeks, abdomen, back and buttocks.  A delay in seeking medical treatment when it is obviously necessary is also a cause for concern. 


The physical signs of abuse may include: 


• Unexplained bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body.

• Multiple bruises- in clusters, often on the upper arm, outside of the thigh. 

• Cigarette burns. 

• Human bite marks.

• Broken bones. 

• Scalds, with upward splash marks. 

• Multiple burns with a clearly demarcated edge. 



Changes in behaviour that can also indicate physical abuse: 


• Fear of parents/carers being approached for an explanation.

• Aggressive behaviour or severe temper outbursts. 

• Flinching when approached or touched. 

• Reluctance to get changed, for example in hot weather. 

• Depression. 

• Withdrawn behaviour. 


Emotional Abuse

Emotional abuse can be difficult to identify as there are often no outward physical signs. Indications may be a developmental delay due to a failure to thrive and grow, however, children who appear well-cared for may nevertheless be emotionally abused by being taunted, put down or belittled.  They may receive little or no love, affection or attention from their parents or carers.  Emotional abuse can also take the form of children not being allowed to mix or play with other children.

Changes in behaviour which can indicate emotional abuse include: 


• Neurotic behaviour e.g. sulking, hair twisting, rocking. 

• Being unable to play.

• Fear of making mistakes.

• Sudden speech disorders. 

• Self-harm.

• Fear of parent being approached regarding their behaviour. 

• Developmental delay in terms of emotional progress. 


Sexual Abuse


It is recognised that there is underreporting of sexual abuse with in the family.  Club Coaches, staff and volunteers should play a crucial role in identifying / reporting any concerns that they may have through, for example, the observation and play of younger children and understanding the indicators of behaviour in older children which may be underlining of such abuse. 


All Coaches, Staff and Volunteers should be aware that adults, who may be men, women or other children, who use children to meet their own sexual needs abuse both girls and boys of all ages.  Indications of sexual abuse may be physical or from the child’s behaviour.  In all cases, children who tell about sexual abuse do so because they want it to stop.  It is important, therefore, that they are listened to and taken seriously. 


The physical signs of sexual abuse may include: 


• Pain or itching in the genital area.

• Bruising or bleeding near genital area. 

• Sexually transmitted disease.

• Vaginal discharge or infection. 

• Stomach pains.

• Discomfort when walking or sitting down.

• Pregnancy. 



Changes in behaviour which can also indicate sexual abuse include: 


• Sudden or unexplained changes in behaviour e.g. becoming aggressive or withdrawn.

• Fear of being left with a specific person or group of people.

• Having nightmares.

• Running away from home.

• Sexual knowledge which is beyond their age, or developmental level.

• Sexual drawings or language.

• Bedwetting. 

• Eating problems such as overeating or anorexia.

• Self-harm or mutilation, sometimes leading to suicide attempts.

• Saying they have secrets they cannot tell anyone about.

• Substance or drug abuse. 

• Suddenly having unexplained sources of money. 

• Not allowed to have friends (particularly in adolescence).

• Acting in a sexually explicit way towards adults. 


Neglect


It can be difficult to recognise neglect, however its effects can be long term and damaging for children. 


The physical signs of neglect may include: 


• Being constantly dirty or ‘smelly’.

• Constant hunger, sometimes stealing food from other children.

• Losing weight, or being constantly underweight.

• Inappropriate or dirty clothing. 


Neglect may be indicated by changes in behaviour which may include: 


• Mentioning being left alone or unsupervised. 

• Not having many friends.

• Complaining of being tired all the time.

• Not requesting medical assistance and/or failing to attend appointments. 



Child Sexual Exploitation (Child Protection)


Risk factors may include;

• Going missing

• Engagement in offending

• Disengagement from education

• Using drugs or alcohol

• Unexplained gifts/money

• Repeat concerns about sexual health

• Decline in emotional wellbeing 

All suspected or actual cases of CSE are a Safeguarding concern in which Child Protection procedures will be followed; this will include a referral to the police.  If any coaches or staff are concerned about a participant, they will refer to the Designated Safeguarding Officer within the department. 


Safeguarding Roles and Responsibilities


All Coaches, Staff, Volunteers and Directors have responsibility for the following:

• Being aware of this Club policy as well as the Club’s other safeguarding policies.

• Listening to, and seeking out, the views, wishes and feelings of children and young people, ensuring in this that the child’s voice is heard and referred to;

• Knowing who the Club Senior Safeguarding Officer and the Designated Safeguarding Officer for the various departments;

• Being alert to the signs of abuse, including specific issues in Safeguarding and their need to refer any concerns to the Safeguarding Leadsl;

• That any concerns any staff have about senior staff should be referred to the Chairman of the Club. 

• To be aware of Whistleblowing procedures and where to obtain further information, advice and support  

• Ensuring that their Child Protection training is up to date, undertaking refresher/update training at least annually; 

• Sharing information and working together with agencies to provide children and young people with the help and support they need;

• Supporting pupils who have been abused in accordance with his/her Child Protection Plan;

• Seeking early help where a child and family would benefit from co-ordinated support from more than one agency (e.g. education, health, housing, police) to prevent needs escalating to a point where intervention would be needed via a statutory assessment;



Directors are responsible for:


• Taking leadership responsibility for the Club’s Safeguarding and Child Protection arrangements; 

• That they are up to date with emerging issues in Safeguarding and recognise the strategies by the Local Authority in trying to keep children safe In Derbyshire;   

• Ensuring that they have a nominated link Director for Child Protection and Safeguarding who can also provide a link to the Local Authority on matters of Safeguarding and liaising with other partners and agencies;

• Ensuring that appointed the Senior Safeguarding Officer and the Designated Officers are fully equipped with the knowledge and skills to carry out the role and have access to appropriate regular training to help them keep up to date;

• That there are procedures are in place in handling allegations against Coaches, Staff, or Volunteers. 

• That all Staff, (including volunteers and frequent visitors) who will be working in the Club are given a mandatory induction which includes knowledge regarding abuse, neglect, specific safeguarding issues and familiarisation with Child Protection responsibilities.  The induction will also include procedures to be followed if anyone has any concerns about a Child's Safety or welfare, and knowledge about the policies and procedures;

• That all Coaches and Staff have regular reviews of their own practice to ensure ongoing personal/professional development;

• That all Coaches and Staff including volunteers receives the appropriate training which is regularly updated;

• That important policies such as those for behaviour and bullying, are kept up to date.

• Ensures that all Coaches, Staff, Directors and Volunteers are made aware of the Whistleblowing Policy.


• That all Child Protection records are kept centrally, kept up to date, are secure and reviewed annually.



 Recruitment, Staffing:


• We must prevent people who pose a risk of harm from working with children by adhering to statutory responsibilities to check Coaches and Staff who work with children, taking proportionate decisions on whether to ask for any checks beyond what is required.

• We must ensure Coaches, Staff and Volunteers undergo appropriate checks via the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) relevant to their post;  

• We must have procedures in place to make a referral to the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS)  if a person in regulated activity has been dismissed, removed due to Safeguarding concerns,  or would have been had they not resigned; aware that this is a legal duty.      

• That our Volunteers are adequately supervised, being aware of the differences between supervised and unsupervised interaction with the children;

• We will be mindful of who we are hiring our premises to and refuse the hiring of premises for any activity deemed not in the interests of the children/young people, the Club, the local community and or viewed to be inflammatory e.g.- banned political groups    


Records 

All concerns about a child will be recorded and records kept. This record will be a separate child protection/welfare record held on a separate child protection file and each concern clearly recorded with all decisions, actions taken and with outcomes and feedback to the referrer. We will endeavour to keep centralised records, hold them as private and confidential records but allow access to key staff that is designated in a role to safeguard children at the Club.




Dealing with allegations against coaches, staff and volunteers who work with children



If a member of staff has concerns about another member of staff, then this will be referred to the Senior Safeguarding Officer.  Where there are concerns about the Senior Safeguarding Officer this will be referred to the Chairman of the Club.   


The Club will ensure we have followed all the necessary duties and processes under this process and under the Whistleblowing Policy.


Management of the Policy


The Directors will;

• Ensure all directors are effective in the management of safeguarding;

• Ensure all Coaches and Staff including all other Directors and volunteers read and have access to the policy

• That is overseen to ensure its implementation

• Review its content on an annual basis.



Contacts


• John Croot- Senior Safeguarding Officer- 07469 089244

This is the 24 hours safeguarding number


Safeguarding@chesterfield-fc.co.uk




• Colin Nellist- Matchday Designated Officer- 


• Xxxx- Academy Designated Officer


• Darren Keeling- Development School Designated Officer


• Michael Noon- Trust Designated Officer- Children


• Rachel Booth- Designated Officer- Adults



External practitioners and advice


• Cath Morton - County Welfare Officer- 01332 361422


• FA/NSPCC 24-Hour Help-line - 0808 800 5000 alternatively you can text on 88858


• Derbyshire Safeguarding Children Board - 01629 532169


• Derbyshire Police - 101


• Social care emergency (out of hours) – 01629 532600


• Ann Hussey, EFL Child Protection Advisor, ahussey@football-league.co.uk 01772 325811


• Childline- 0800 11 11


The Football Association NSPCC helpline is - 0800 023 2642


The Football Association Safeguarding Team - safeguarding@thefa.com


Whistleblowing Policy

Purpose

This policy will set out how individuals can raise concerns about the safety and welfare of children, young people and vulnerable adults involved at Chesterfield Football Club

It will provide a method of raising concerns and how they can receive feedback on any action taken. The Club will ensure individuals will:

• receive a response to their concerns.

• be made aware of how to pursue the concern further if they are not satisfied with the response.

• be re-assured that individuals will be protected from reprisals or victimisation for whistle blowing in good faith.

Scope

Everyone involved in activity carried out under the jurisdiction of Chesterfield FC is covered by this policy.

Policy Statement

Workers and volunteers are often the first to realise that there may be evidence of malpractice within the Club.  However, they may not express their concerns because they feel that speaking up would be disloyal to their colleagues or to the Club.  They may also fear harassment or victimisation.

In these circumstances, it may be easier for them to ignore the concern rather than report what may just be a suspicion of poor practice. The Club would urge anyone to come forward and voice those concerns.

This policy details how individuals can raise a matter of concern without fear of victimisation, subsequent discrimination or disadvantage. The policy is intended to encourage and enable individuals to raise serious concerns within the Club rather than overlooking a problem or blowing the whistle outside.

It is in the interest of all concerned that disclosure of potential abuse is dealt with properly, quickly and discreetly. 

Safeguarding

Employees, coaches, volunteers, parents or other participants are often the first to realise that a child’s safety and welfare are under threat. However, they may not express their concerns because they feel that speaking up would be too difficult to handle. It may also be that they fear harassment or victimisation.  There may be similar concerns when it comes to threats to vulnerable adults

The Club realises that raising a concern and reporting allegations are often difficult to make through fear of reprisals from those responsible for the alleged poor practice. If the individual believes what they say to be true and are not deemed to be malicious then the Club will fully support the whistleblower and will not tolerate any bullying, harassment or victimisation whatsoever. If this does occur, any perpetrators will be dealt with under the Club’s disciplinary procedures resulting in possible expulsion from the Club.

In reading this policy it should be noted that John Croot is the Senior Safeguarding Officer.  While the policy speaks of line managers in terms of safeguarding consider that to mean the Designated Safeguarding Officer for the particular department.

Raising a Concern or Making an Allegation

This policy provides you with a procedure for making disclosures internally about suspected wrongdoing, irregularity or failure of standards within the Club.  Its aims are:


• to encourage you to feel confident in raising serious concerns and to question and act upon concerns about possible malpractice within the Club.

• to provide a means for you to disclose those concerns and receive feedback on any action taken.

• to ensure that you receive a response to your concerns and that you are aware of how to pursue them further if you are not satisfied.

• to reassure you that you will be protected from possible reprisals or victimisation and from subsequent discrimination or disadvantage.



Confidentiality


All disclosures will be treated in confidence and wherever possible, every effort will be made not to reveal your identity.  However, you may need to come forward as a witness and you will be given every support from management at that time.



Anonymous Disclosure


You should put your name to your disclosure whenever possible.  Disclosures made anonymously will still be considered at the discretion of the Club.  However, it is helpful to have your name in case further information is required.


In exercising its discretion, the Club will take into account:


• the seriousness of the issues raised.

• the credibility of the disclosure.

• the likelihood of confirming what is alleged from attributable sources.


Untrue Disclosures


If you make a disclosure in good faith, but it is not confirmed by the investigation, no action will be taken against you.  If however, your allegation is frivolous, malicious or for personal gain, you may be subject to disciplinary action.


Employee Action


As a first step, you should normally raise your concerns with your line manager.  If you believe your line manager is involved, you should approach the Senior Safeguarding Officer.  This depends however, on the seriousness and sensitivity of the issues involved and who is suspected of the malpractice.  If you believe that your line manager and the Senior Safeguarding Officer are involved, you should approach the Football League.


You may raise your concern either verbally or in writing.  The earlier you express the concern, the easier it is to take action.  You should provide:


• details of your concerns, including the nature, dates and location of any relevant incidents.

• reasons why you feel concerned about the situation.


Although you are not expected to prove beyond doubt the truth of an allegation, you will need to demonstrate top the person contacted that there are reasonable grounds for your concern.


You may wish to consider discussing your concern with a colleague first and you may find it easier to raise the matter if there are two (or more) of you who have had the same experience or concerns.


You may invite a representative to be present during any meetings or interviews in connection with the concerns you have raised.


The amount of contact between you and the person considering the issues will depend on the nature of the matter raised, the potential difficulties involved and the clarity of the information provided. If necessary, the Club will seek further information from you.


Action Taken by the Club


The Club will respond to your disclosure.  Where appropriate, the matters raised may be:


a) investigated by management, by internal audit, or through the disciplinary process;

b) referred to the police;

c) the subject of an independent inquiry.


In order to protect individuals and those accused of possible malpractice, initial enquiries will be made to decide whether an investigation is appropriate and, if so, what form it should take.  


Some concerns may be resolved by agreed action without the need for investigation.  If urgent action is required, this will be taken before any action investigation is conducted.


Within 10 working days of a concern being raised, you will receive a response:


a) acknowledging that the concern has been received;

b) telling you whether any initial enquiries have been made;

c) indicating how the matter is going to be dealt with;

d) giving an estimate of how long it will take to provide a final response;

e) supplying you with information on staff support mechanisms;

f) telling you why if there is to be no further investigation.


The Club will take steps to minimise any difficulties you may experience as a result of making a disclosure.  For instance, if you are required to give evidence in criminal or disciplinary proceedings the Club will arrange for you to receive advice about the procedure.


You will need to be assured that the matter has been properly addressed.  Thus, subject to legal constrains, you will be informed of the outcomes of any investigation.


How the Matter Can Be Taken Further


This code is intended to provide you with a route within the Club the make disclosures of malpractice.  The Club hopes you will be satisfied with any action taken.  If you are not, and you believe the information you have disclosed is substantially true, possible contact points are:


• Public Concern At Work

• Your trade union

• Your local Citizens Advice Bureau

• Relevant professional bodies or regulatory organisations

• A relevant voluntary organisation

• The Police


If you do take the matter outside the Club, you should ensure that you do not disclose confidential information.  Check with the person dealing with your disclosure within the Club before divulging any information.



All investigations concerning safeguarding will be undertaken by the Senior Safeguarding Officer who may be supported by an appropriate member of the Management Team. 


Contacts


The email address for concerns is safeguarding@chesterfield-fc.co.uk

The 24 hour mobile number is 07469 089244


John Croot is the Senior Safeguarding Officer


Designated officers:

Matchday: Colin Nellist

Academy:

Development School: Darren Keeling

Community Trust- children: Michael Noon

Community Trust: adults: Rachel Booth


Should you feel that you have not received a satisfactory response to your concern you can approach the following people/organisations:

• Cath Morton - County Welfare Officer- 01332 361422


• Derbyshire Safeguarding Children Board - 01629 532169


• Derbyshire Police - 101


• Ann Hussey, EFL Child Protection Advisor, ahussey@football-league.co.uk 01772 325811



The Football Association NSPCC helpline is - 0800 023 2642

The Football Association Safeguarding Team - safeguarding@thefa.com